As you do, the EMDR therapist will begin a series of side-to-side eye movements, sounds, or touches. Focusing on the traumatic event while experiencing bilateral stimulation forces the eyes to move quickly back and forth, allowing the brain to re-process the trauma. The individual is processing the trauma with both hemispheres of the brain stimulated. The chosen positive belief is then installed, through a bilateral movement, to replace the negative one.
Usually, each session lasts about an hour. EMDR is thought to work because “bilateral stimulation” avoids the area of the brain that has become stuck due to trauma and prevents the left side of the brain from calming itself on the right side of the brain. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) refers to an interactive psychotherapy technique used to relieve psychological stress. At first glance, EMDR seems to approach psychological problems in an unusual way.
It is not dependent on psychotherapy or medication. Instead, EMDR uses the patient's own rapid and rhythmic eye movements. These eye movements dampen the power of emotionally charged memories of past traumatic events.